[Shortcuts: dates, registration, invited talk and program]

The intent of this workshop is to examine more closely the intersection between programming languages and mechanized mathematics systems (MMS). By MMS, we understand computer algebra systems (CAS), [automated] theorem provers (TP/ATP), all heading towards the development of fully unified systems (the MMS), sometimes also called universal mathematical assistant systems (MAS) (see Calculemus 2007).

There are various ways in which these two subjects of
*programming languages* and *systems for mathematics* meet:

- Many systems for mathematics contain a dedicated programming
language. For instance, most computer algebra systems contain a
dedicated language (and are frequently built in that same language);
some proof assistants (like the Ltac language for Coq) also have
an embedded programming language. Note that in many instances
this language captures only algorithmic content, and
*declarative*or*representational*issues are avoided. - The
*mathematical languages*of many systems for mathematics are very close to a functional programming language. For instance the language of ACL2 is just Lisp, and the language of Coq is very close to Haskell. But even the mathematical language of the HOL system can be used as a functional programming language that is very close to ML and Haskell. On the other hand, these languages also contain very rich specification capabilities, which are rarely available in most computation-oriented programming languages. And even then, many specification languages (B, Z, Maude, OBJ3, CASL, etc) can still teach MMSes a trick or two regarding representational power. - Conversely, functional programming languages have been getting "more mathematical" all the time. For instance, they seem to have discovered the value of dependent types rather recently. But they are still not quite ready to 'host' mathematics (the non-success of docon being typical). There are some promising languages on the horizon (Epigram, Omega) as well as some hybrid systems (Agda, Focal), although it is unclear if they are truly capable of expressing the full range of ideas present in mathematics.
- Systems for mathematics are used to prove programs correct. (One method is to generate "correctness conditions" from a program that has been annotated in the style of Hoare logic and then prove those conditions in a proof assistant.) An interesting question is what improvements are needed for this both on the side of the mathematical systems and on the side of the programming languages.

We are interested in all these issues. We hope that a certain synergy will develop between those issues by having them explored in parallel.

These issues have a very colourful history. Many programming language innovations first appeared in either CASes or Proof Assistants, before migrating towards more mainstream languages. One can cite (in no particular order) type inference, dependent types, generics, term-rewriting, first-class types, first-class expressions, first-class modules, code extraction, and so on. However, a number of these innovations were never aggressively pursued by system builders, letting them instead be developped (slowly) by programming language researchers. Some, like type inference and generics have flourished. Others, like first-class types and first-class expressions, are not seemingly being researched by anyone.

We want to critically examine what has worked, and what has not.
Why are all the current ``popular''^{1}
computer algebra systems untyped? Why are the (strongly typed) proof
assistants so much harder to use than a typical CAS? But also look at question
like what forms of polymorphism exists in mathematics? What forms of dependent
types exist in mathematics? How can MMS regain the upper hand on issues of
'genericity'? What are the biggest barriers to using a more mainstream
language as a host language for a CAS or an ATP?

This workshop will accept two kinds of submissions: full research papers as well as position papers. Research papers should be nore more than 15 pages in length, and positions papers no more than 3 pages. Submission will be through EasyChair. An informal version of the proceedings will be available at the workshop, now available as RISC Technical Report no. 07-10. We are (still) looking into having the best papers completed into full papers and published as a special issue of a Journal (details to follow).

May 30, 2006: Notification

June 29-30, 2007: Workshop

Wieb Bosma [Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands]

Jacques Carette (co-Chair) [McMaster University, Canada]

David Delahaye [CNAM, France]

Jean-Christophe Filliâtre [CNRS and Université de Paris-Sud, France]

John Harrison [Intel Corporation, USA]

Josef Urban [Charles University, Czech Republic]

Markus (Makarius) Wenzel [Technische Universität München, Germany]

Freek Wiedijk (co-Chair) [Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands]

Wolfgang Windsteiger [University of Linz, Austria]

**PML -- a new proof assistant** by *Christophe Raffalli*
(slides available)

ABSTRACT: We will present our ongoing work on a new proof assistant and deduction system named PML. The basic idea is to start from an ML-like programming language and add specification and proof facilities.

On the programming language side, the language unifies certain concepts: PML uses only one notion of sum types (polymorphic variants) and one notion of products (extensible records). These can then be used to encode modules and objects. PML's typing algorithm is based on a new constraint consistency check (as opposed to constraint solving).

We transform the programming language into a deduction system by adding specification and proofs into modules. Surprisinly, extending such a powerful programming language into a deduction systems requires very little work. For instance, the syntax of programs can be reused for proofs.

PML is available online

On the Calculemus page, there is a graphical version of the overall conference program.

Time | Authors | Title | |
---|---|---|---|

Fr 16:45 | Jian Xu | Mei -- a Module System for Mechanized Mathematics Systems | |

17:15 | Clemens Ballarin | Algebraic structures in Axiom and Isabelle: attempt at a comparison | |

Sa 09:00 | Christophe Raffalli | (invited) PML -- a new proof assistant | |

10:30 | Claudio Sacerdoti Coen | Declarative Representation of Proof Terms | |

11:00 | Ferruccio Guidi | Procedural Representation of CIC Proof Terms | |

11:30 | Stephen Watt | What Happened to Languages for Symbolic Mathematical Computation? | |

13:30 | Makarius Wenzel and Amine Chaieb | SML with antiquotations embedded into Isabelle/Isar | |

14:00 | James H. Davenport and John Fitch | Computer Algebra and the three `E's: Efficiency, Elegance and Expressiveness | |

15:00 | (participants) | Closing round table |

[1] by popular we mean > 1 million users.